Oral surgery is the field of dental medicine that focuses on diagnosing and surgically treating disease, injuries, and defects of the face, neck, and head. Oral surgeons receive extensive training to treat complex issues of the mouth, jaw, or neck.
Common Types of Oral Surgeries
An extraction is the removal of a tooth from its socket in the bone. There are several reasons why we remove teeth. Some teeth are extracted because they are severely decayed and can’t be restored. Other teeth may need removal because they are poorly positioned in the mouth (such as impacted teeth). Tooth extraction may also be necessary to create space for orthodontic treatments like braces. Tooth extractions are done under local anesthesia and, depending on the complexity of the procedure, can take anywhere from 15 to 45 minutes.
If your teeth require extraction, your Dentist in Garland TX may refer you to an oral surgeon. However, some teeth can be extracted by your general dentist.
- Impacted wisdom teeth removal
Impacted wisdom teeth are teeth that fail to emerge properly. Wisdom teeth are often impacted, which means they are trapped below the gum line or in the jaw. Impacted wisdom teeth can lead to a number of painful and dangerous complications. Impacted wisdom teeth can cause pain, swelling, and infections. The impacted teeth may damage the surrounding teeth, causing cracks and chips. Such impacted teeth may need removal by your oral surgeon to prevent any complications.
Dental implants are surgically implanted into the jawbone during oral surgery. The posts, which are made of titanium alloy, serve as the foundation for dental restoration.
The implant surgery procedure is typically completed in two appointments. During the first appointment, the titanium posts are implanted into the jawbone. They are then allowed to heal and integrate with the bone for several months. During the procedure, patients are given local anesthetic and sedation to ensure comfort.
During a TMJ procedure, a surgeon makes an incision in the jaw, moves the jaw into the correct position, and replaces the damaged joint. The surgeon may use screws, wires, plates, and grafts to fuse the jaw joint together.
- Cleft lip and palate repair
Cleft lip and palate repair is surgery that corrects a cleft of the lip and/or the palate. A cleft is a separation in the upper lip and/or the roof of the mouth. Cleft lip and palate repair are performed under general anesthesia.
An oral surgeon may recommend jaw surgery if your jaw is misaligned, leading to problems with chewing, talking, or breathing. Jaw surgery can also correct problems with your jaw function, such as difficulty biting or chewing or TMJ disorder.
To find out more about the dental services offered at All About Dentistry, call (972) 414-8800 or schedule an online consultation. You can also visit us at 1922 Belt Line Rd, Garland, TX 75044.