Gum disease refers to inflammation of the gums. Gum disease is sometimes caused by poor oral hygiene, hormonal changes, smoking, and certain medications. However, the most prominent cause is the buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth. These substances irritate the gums, causing inflammation. If left untreated, gum disease can cause damage to the gums and jawbone, which can lead to tooth loss.
What are the causes of gum disease?
Gum disease is a common dental problem among Americans. In fact, according to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, 50% of American adults have some form of gum disease. What causes gum disease?
Gum disease happens when plaque builds up at the gum line. The bacteria in plaque cause inflammation in the gums, which can result in a number of issues. The bacteria can also irritate the gums, leading to further inflammation. This inflammation leads to the breakdown of the gums and bone structure that holds teeth in place.
The body’s immune system is programmed to fight infections. This includes dental infections. In certain cases, this response can be too aggressive or too prolonged. This can cause the gums and jawbone to become damaged.
How is it treated?
If gum disease is detected early enough, it can often be treated with a deep cleaning, also known as scaling and root planing. During this procedure, your dentist will remove plaque and tartar from your teeth. After scaling and root planing, your gums can begin to heal. If your gum disease has progressed too far, you may need to receive antibiotic treatment. Antibiotics can help to eliminate the oral bacteria causing the infection.
The decayed gum tissues may have to be removed to prevent the spread of the infection. This will be carried out with the help of laser therapy and gum graft. After this, we will suggest a suitable healing time during which the gum tissues will continue to regrow.
To find out more about the dental services offered at All About Dentistry, Dentist in Garland TX call (972) 414-8800 or schedule an online consultation. You can also visit us at 1922 Belt Line Rd, Garland, TX 75044.